Poster Presentation 14th International Biennial Conference on Metastasis Research 2012

Dynamic analysis of lung metastasis by mouse osteosarcoma LM8 – VEGF is a candidate for anti-metastasis therapy (#94)

Takaaki Tanaka 1 2 , Yoshihiro Yui 1 , Hideki Yoshikawa 2 , Kazuyuki Itoh 1
  1. Osaka Medical Center of Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, Japan
  2. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine , Osaka, Japan

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor and the prognosis depends on pulmonary metastases, which arise from multi-step progression of malignant tumors. We aimed to clarify the critical step of pulmonary metastasis using the syngeneic mouse spontaneous highly metastatic OS LM8 and parental Dunn cell lines, to identify new candidate molecules to suppress pulmonary metastasis. We first investigated the chronological detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from mice with either cell line. LM8 CTCs appeared faster, at a higher rate and with a greater number of cultured colonies compared to Dunn CTCs. Cultured cells from CTCs showed higher proliferative ability than cells from the primary site in suspension culture, which mimicked the environment of the bloodstream for CTCs. The proliferative ability of LM8 cells was also higher than that of Dunn cells in 3D collagen culture with low stiffness (~150 Pa; close to conditions in the lung). We next focused on the extravasation step. LM8 showed higher migration ability compared to Dunn with transendothelial migration assay. We also found a disruption in endothelial barrier function throughout co-culture with LM8 using time-lapse imaging. In addition, LM8 secreted high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), while VEGF signal inhibition with a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor (pazopanib) decreased disruption of the vascular barrier and transendothelial migration of LM8. Finally, daily oral administration of pazopanib reduced the rate and size of pulmonary metastasis in vivo. Collectively, these results show anti-VEGF therapy as a candidate for pulmonary metastasis of OS.